News and Information on Infectious Disease
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Avian influenza, informally known as bird flu, is an infectious disease triggered by a group of viruses that typically attack birds. Starting in 1997, a subtype of avian influenza referred to as Avian influenza A (H5N1), has been identified in infected humans and is blamed for a small number of human deaths.
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Vibriosis is triggered by bacterial infection from the Vibrio genus, typically Vibrio parahemolyticus or Vibrio vulnificus. Diarrhea often accompanies Vibrio bacteria along with more serious skin infections, and blood infections. Vibrio parahemolyticus is a mostly harmless infection that commonly causes diarrhea, however the Vibrio vulnificus infection, while rare, may contribute to blood poisoning and fatality on many occasions.
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Meningitis is an acute contagious disease causing inflammation of the outer covering of the brain (meninges) and upper spinal column. The two primary kinds of meningitis are viral and bacterial, but it may be caused by other microorganisms including fungal, and parasitic. Meningitis may also be caused by other diseases, like Lyme disease that can affect the lining of the brain.
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Ebola virus is an uncommon viral infection which kills nearly 90% of its victims. Researchers from National Institutes of Health (NIH), have identified five types of Ebola virus and discovered something in the virus that causes the significant internal bleeding that almost always results in death. The viral glycoprotein is believed to destroy endothelial cells that line the walls of the blood vessels.
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Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that grows below the skin surface and can cause permanent tissue damage. It is normally caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus, which commonly enters the body through a cut or other break in the skin. However, there are reported cases of cellulitis where the skin was not broken, and typically involve people who have a weak immune system or have been diagnosed with diabetes. These people are also more likely to experience serious effects from cellulitis and may even get cellulitis again.
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