Serratia Marcescens symptoms are very similar regardless of what disease the bacterium causes. Some common diseases include Serratia Sepsis, Serratia plymuthica, Serratia liquefaciens, Serratia rubidaea, Serratia odorifera, and Serratia fonticola.
Serratia marcescens is normally associated with nosocomial infections like catheter-associated bacteremia. In hospitalized adults, it is very common in urinary tract infections and sometimes in wound infections. Diagnosis in children often find the disease in the gastrointestinal system. Most in-hospital cases of Serratia marcescens involve newborn infants, people suffering from immunodeficiency, patients with widespread cancer throughout the body, leukaemia, or other serious chronic disease, and those with chronic neurological and urological issues are at greater risk than other patients.
Serratia Marcescens Symptoms: Serratia Sepsis
Common symptoms in patients suffering from Serratia Sepsis include:
- Respiratory distress
Fever is one of the most common causes of bacterial infection and should be treated immediately. In one rare case a 103° fever resulted in spontaneous abortion of an otherwise healthy fetus. The only other symptom of the mother was a general feeling of malaise.
Serratia Marcescens symptoms are commonly associated with urinary tract infections, but in 30% to 50% of reported cases, there are no symptoms to assist diagnosis.
In cases where serrtia marcescens symptoms are observed, they include fever, frequent urination and pain during urination. In almost all cases of urinary tract infection, there was recent instrumentation of the urinary tract. Examples of such cases include treatment of urinary tract obstruction, renal failure and inspection of the urinary tract in diabetes patients.
Serratia Marcescens is also commonly found in respiratory tract infection. Here it can occur after some form of instrumentation associated with a hospital or doctor visit like ventilation or bronchoscopy. It is most common in patients with COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In very rare cases, pneumonia may occur.
Premature children and infants with an existing diagnosis of sepsis, or after experiencing some kind of head surgery or neurosurgery may develop meningitis caused by Serratia Marcescens with symptoms including headache, fever, vomiting, stupor and may result in coma.
Serratia Marcescens is a particularly deadly bacteria, especially among drug abusers and addicts. In heroin addicts, the bacteria may cause endocarditis, which is inflammation of the heart wall linings, with symptoms including abnormal urine color, chills, excessive sweating, fatigue, fever, and joint pain. Mortality rate for these patients is very high.
For patients with Serratia Marcescens related bloodstream problems, the mortality rate is 26%.